Intel is appealing against a €1 billion fine for abuse of dominant position / anti-competitive practices, which the European Commission's Directorate General for Competition imposed on it in May 2009 after an anti-trust investigation.
Intel will argue that the European Union antitrust inquiry is administrative in nature, and such large fines shouldn’t be levied except by the criminal courts.
Apparently the European Court will rule on this appeal in 2010.
The human rights issue has been raised in this context before but never succeeded – see the Ars Technica article for examples.
For background see European Commission info of 13 May 2009 on the fine:
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